Lesson 157 — Academic Word List: Lesson 7

Part 1: Listen to the audio recording of Lesson 7 Academic Word List

Part 2: DIRECTIONS — Study the academic vocabulary list from Lesson 7. Make sure you know the correct spelling for each word. After studying the definitions, please copy down any term (s) you still don’t understand and look them up via Google Translate, www.translate.google.com, or an English dictionary such as www.dictionary.com .


The term “ambiguous” refers to something open to multiple interpretations or unclear meanings. Avoiding ambiguity in professional settings, particularly in written communication, is essential. Ambiguity can lead to misunderstandings, confusion, and mistakes that can negatively impact business operations. Thus, clarity and precision in language are crucial to conveying information effectively. As a writer, you must be aware of any potential ambiguities and make necessary adjustments to ensure your message is clear and easily understood by your audience. Avoiding ambiguity will help to facilitate effective communication and promote efficient work processes.

The term ‘ambiguous’ refers to a situation or statement open to multiple interpretations or meanings. In professional settings, ambiguity can cause confusion and miscommunication, leading to misunderstandings and errors. It is essential to avoid using ambiguous language when communicating important information, as it can lead to negative consequences. When faced with ambiguity, clarifying the intended meaning and seeking additional information, if necessary, is crucial. Effective communication requires clarity and precision, and avoiding ambiguity is essential.


The word “amend” is commonly used in legal and political contexts to refer to making changes or revisions to a document, law, or agreement. When we amend something, we seek to improve, correct errors, or update it to reflect changing circumstances. In the legal world, amendments can be made to a contract, a will, or even a constitution. Politicians also use the term when discussing making revisions to laws or regulations. In everyday language, we might use the term when discussing amending a speech or a written document to make it more effective or correct errors.

To amend means to make changes or improvements to something, typically a document or legal agreement. This word is often used when revising a law or policy but can also refer to correcting errors or mistakes. When amending a document, it is essential to carefully consider the language used and the potential consequences of any changes made. Amending requires attention to detail and a thorough understanding of the original text. To successfully amend something, it is necessary to have the knowledge and expertise to make effective changes that will improve the existing document.


An analogy is a comparison between two things that helps to explain or clarify a concept or idea. Analogies are often used in writing, speech, and education to help people understand complex or abstract concepts by relating them to more familiar things. For instance, someone might explain the idea of a computer virus by comparing it to a biological virus that can infect a human body. Analogies can be practical tools for communication, as they can help to create a shared understanding and bridge the gap between different perspectives. However, it’s vital to choose analogies carefully and ensure they are appropriate and accurate.

The word analogy refers to comparing two things that are similar in some way. Analogies are often used to explain complex ideas or to make a point more clearly. In literature, analogies are frequently used as a literary device to add depth and meaning to a story or poem. Analogies can be found in many fields, including science, mathematics, and philosophy. They are an effective tool for teaching and learning, as they help to make abstract concepts more relatable and understandable. Overall, analogies are a valuable tool for communication and understanding, and they play an essential role in our everyday lives.


The word “analyze” is commonly used in various fields, such as data science, marketing, and psychology. It refers to the process of examining something in detail to gain a better understanding of its nature, structure, or behavior. Analyzing involves breaking down complex information into smaller parts, identifying patterns or trends, and interpreting the results to draw meaningful conclusions. Analyzing data helps companies make informed decisions and develop effective strategies in business. In psychology, investigating behavior and thought patterns helps professionals better understand and treat mental health issues. The ability to analyze is a valuable skill that can lead to improved outcomes and increased success in many areas of life.

The word analyze refers to examining data or information to draw conclusions or decide. This involves breaking down complex concepts or problems into smaller, more manageable pieces and carefully scrutinizing each component to understand the whole better. Analyzing requires a critical eye and a systematic and thorough approach to investigation. It is a crucial skill in many fields, including science, finance, and business, and is often used to inform decision-making processes. Practical analysis can lead to more informed and successful outcomes, both in professional and personal contexts.


The word “annual” is often used to describe something that occurs once a year. It is commonly associated with annual meetings, reports, and financial statements. In business, the term “annual” is used to describe the regular occurrence of tasks that are completed every year. Annual plans outline an organization’s goals and objectives for the upcoming year, while yearly budgets are prepared to allocate resources and track financial performance. The term “annual” is also used in plant and animal life cycles, such as perennial plants that complete their life cycle within a year. The word “annual” denotes a recurring event or activity every year.

The word annual refers to something that occurs or is done once a year. It is an important term in various fields, including finance, law, and business. In finance, annual reports are issued by companies to provide shareholders with a detailed overview of the company’s financial performance over the past year. In law, annual general meetings are held to discuss important matters and to elect new board members. In business, annual sales reports are crucial in determining the success of a company and its growth potential. The term annual is widely recognized and utilized in many industries, and its significance cannot be overstated.

Quiz: Can you fill in the blanks?

amend, annual, ambiguous, analogy, analyze

1. The politician’s speech was deliberately _____(1), leaving everyone unsure of her true intentions. 2. The company had to _____(2) its policies after receiving negative feedback from customers. 3. Comparing the human brain to a computer is an _____(3) that has been used many times in popular science books. 4. The scientists were able to _____(4) the data and come to a conclusion about the experiment. 5. The company’s _____(5) report outlined the profits and losses for the fiscal year.

Have you figured out the answers?

Check your responses by looking below:

Here are the answers to the quiz above – how did you do? Let us know in the comments section below:

1. The politician’s speech was deliberately ambiguous, leaving everyone unsure of her true intentions.
2. The company had to amend its policies after receiving negative feedback from customers.
3. Comparing the human brain to a computer is an analogy that has been used many times in popular science books.
4. The scientists were able to analyze the data and come to a conclusion about the experiment.
5. The company’s annual report outlined the profits and losses for the fiscal year.

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