Part 1: Study the academic vocabulary list from Lesson 12. Make sure you know the correct spelling for each word. Please copy down any terms you still don’t understand and look them up via Google Translate, www.translate.google.com, or an English dictionary such as www.dictionary.com .
Part 2: Match the Words with their Definitions
a. having a high quality that is recognized and admired over a long period of time; typical or traditional
b. relating to the people and government of a country, especially in relation to their rights and duties
c. to fall down suddenly because of weakness or damage
d. logical and consistent; easy to understand and follow
e. a fact or condition connected with an event or situation
f. to quote or mention as evidence or example
g. a group of words containing a subject and a predicate and forming part of a sentence or constituting a whole simple sentence
h. to happen at the same time or place by chance or agreement
i. to make something clear or easier to understand by explaining it in more detail
j. a system of rules or principles governing behavior, often written down and enforced by a particular community or authority
Part 3: Vocabulary in Context: Sentences
1. Taking into consideration the current circumstance, we cannot proceed with the project until we receive further funding.
2. As an expert in the field, he was able to cite numerous examples to support his argument.
3. In such a civil society, it is imperative that we show respect for one another’s opinions.
4. Could you please clarify your statement regarding the new company policy?
5. The novel “Pride and Prejudice” is considered a classic of English literature.
6. The clause in the contract clearly states that any disputes will be resolved through arbitration.
7. The software engineer created a code that allowed the computer to perform complex functions.
8. Her argument was coherent and logical, which left no room for doubt.
9. It was purely a coincidence that I ran into my old friend at the airport.
10. The building’s foundation was so weak that it eventually collapsed, causing extensive damage.
Part 4: Vocabulary in Context: Conversations
Excuse me, could you clarify the circumstances of the accident?
Yes, of course. It happened around 3 p.m. on the corner of Main and Maple.
I like to cite classic literature in my writing.
That’s interesting. Which authors do you enjoy quoting the most?
The civil code regulates the relationships between individuals and organizations.
I see. Is it the same in every state?
Your argument would be more coherent if you added some evidence to support it.
Thank you for the suggestion. I’ll look for some examples to include.
It’s strange how our schedules always seem to coincide.
Yes, it’s like we have a psychic connection or something.
The roof of the old building collapsed during the storm.
Oh no! Was anyone hurt?
In this clause, the word “that” refers to the previous sentence.
I see. So it’s a type of pronoun, right?
The dress code for the party is black tie.
Got it. I’ll make sure to wear my fanciest outfit.
The classic car show is this weekend. Are you planning to go?
Definitely! I can’t wait to see all the vintage cars on display.