Lesson 190— Academic Word List: Lesson 40

Part 1: Watch the video 2-3 times

Part 2: Match the Words with their Definitions

a. a reason for doing something, especially one that is hidden or not obvious at first.
b. to observe and check the progress or quality of something over a period of time; a device used for observing, checking, or keeping track of something.
c. a group or system of interconnected people or things; a collection of computers and other devices connected together to share information.
d. to nullify, deny, or make ineffective; to show to be false or incorrect.
e. a government department headed by a minister; the work or duties of a religious minister.
f. the smallest possible amount, quantity, or degree required or allowed.
g. lesser in importance, seriousness, or significance; under legal age.
h. a way or manner in which something occurs or is experienced; a particular setting on a device.
i. felt or shown equally by two or more parties; shared between people or groups.
j. to make partial or minor changes to something in order to improve it or make it more suitable for a specific purpose.


  1. negate
  2. mode
  3. ministry
  4. motive
  5. monitor
  6. modify
  7. mutual
  8. minimum
  9. minor
  10. network

Correct matches:

  1. d
  2. h
  3. e
  4. a
  5. b
  6. j
  7. i
  8. f
  9. g
  10. c

Part 3: Vocabulary in Context: Sentences

  1. The company set the minimum price for the luxury car at $50,000.
  2. She was appointed as the Minister of Education in the new government.
  3. The error was considered minor and did not affect the overall result significantly.
  4. The camera has a manual mode, allowing photographers to adjust settings manually.
  5. He needed to modify his presentation to include the latest data.
  6. The researcher used a software program to monitor the participants’ sleep patterns.
  7. His motive for starting the nonprofit organization was to help underprivileged children.
  8. The partnership was based on mutual respect and trust between the two companies.
  9. The new evidence served to negate the previous theory proposed by the scientist.
  10. The company expanded its network of suppliers to ensure timely delivery of materials.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »